A most widely known Native American Indian government in place long before Columbus is the Iroquois Confederation.
These people of the longhouse or Haudenosaunee used a community meeting house where deliberation and ceremony were conducted.
Hundreds of years before Columbus, A Wyandot (Huron) man, Skennenrahowi or Peacemaker, considered both a Spiritual leader and Political Philosopher brought a unifying message to the warring Oneida, Onandoga, Mohawk, Seneca, Tuscarora and Cayuga tribes,
This peacemaker received a vision that was a divine mandate for peaceful agreements among the tribes.
He set out to share his vision in a canoe carved of white stone. It took him forty years to reach everyone with his message encountering much opposition.
The first to accept his message was Jikohnsaseh, a Mohawk Woman.
In her honor, the peacemaker’s plan assigned Women as clan Mothers who have the power to select and depose male chiefs that represent the clans in deliberations in the longhouse.
The peacemaker then encountered Aiionwatha, the Mohawk orator.
As Aiionwatha grieves the loss of his daughters in the woods of the northeast, the peacemaker wiped his eyes with A Condolence Ceremony.
The intention of this rite is to pacify the minds and embolden the hearts of mourners by transforming their loss into strength.
It is a Gift of Promising Comfort, Recovery of Balance, and Revival of Spirit to those who are suffering.
Aiionwatha too accepted his vision.
Together the Peacemaker and Aiionwatha united the five antagonistic tribes using this method of Condolence presenting what has come to be known as
The Great Law of Peace,
The Great Warmth,
The Big Harmony.
Building on the sensibilities of the Condolence Ceremony, Health means soundness of mind, body, and spirit. The Power of a person with sound mind, body, and spirit to promote Well-Being between peoples is called by the Haudensaunee Orenda.
Everyone has Orenda which grows stronger through understanding and experience. The Power grows, not only with a good sense of self, but with the desire for the well-being of others, in the village, in the clan, in the nation, in the confederacy. The Haudensaunee used the sensibilities of Compassion to Unite, to Grow, to Govern.